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The media of Indonesia consist of several different types of communications media: televisionradiocinemanewspapersmagazines, and Internet-based Web sites.

News media
See also: List of newspapers in Indonesia and List of magazines published in Indonesia

Printed mass media, such as magazines in Indonesian news stand.
The number of printed publications has increased significantly since 1998.[citation needed] There are hundreds of new magazines, newspapers, and tabloids.[citation needed] More than 50 principal daily newspapers are published throughout the archipelago, the majority in Java.[1] Those with the largest readership are Kompas (Jakarta), circulation of 523,000; Suara Merdeka (Semarang), circulation of 200,000; Berita Buana (Jakarta), circulation of 150,000; Pikiran Rakyat (Bandung), circulation of 150,000; and Sinar Indonesia Baru (Medan), also with a circulation of 150,000.[1] The largest English-language dailies, both published in Jakarta with print runs of 40,000, are the Jakarta Post and the Jakarta Globe.[1] As of 2003, newspapers have a penetration rate of 8.6 percent.[2] The principal weekly news magazines are Tempo, which also produces an English-language edition, and Gatra.[1] All of these newspapers and magazines have online editions as well.[1]

Several leading Indonesian newspaper such as Kompas can be obtained at digital newspaper printing services in several foreign countries.[citation needed] Some large newspapers also use remote digital printing to solve the distribution problems in remote areas in Indonesia.[citation needed]

ANTARA is the official news agency of the government of Indonesia.

The National Press Monument has a collection of over a million newspapers and magazines,[3] as well as a variety of exhibitions and artefacts related to the history of the press in Indonesia.

Television[edit]
Main article: Television in Indonesia
Television is regulated by the government through the Directorate General of Radio, Television, and Film.[1] Television and radio traditionally have been dominated by government networks, but private commercial channels have been emerging since the introduction of RCTI in the Jakarta area in 1988.[4] By early in the new century, the improved communications system had brought television signals to every village in the country, and most Indonesians could choose from 11 channels.[4] In addition to the state-owned TVRI, there were 10 national private channels, the best known are Indosiar, RCTI, SCTV, Metro TV, and Trans 7.[4] Some channels have a specific orientation, for instance, Global TV, which initially offered broadcasts from MTV Indonesia, and MNCTV (formerly Indonesian Educational Television, or TPI), which originally carried only educational programming but expanded into quiz programs, sports, reality shows, and other popular entertainment.[4] There were also 54 local television stations in 2009, such as Bali TV in Bali, Jak TV in Jakarta, and Pacific TV in Manado.[4]

Radio[edit]
Radio, like television, is regulated by the government through the Directorate General of Radio, Television, and Film.[1] There are about 3,000 live radio stations throughout Indonesia, but only a few broadcast nationally.[4] Examples include Jakarta News, Sonora, and Prambors in the nation's capital; JJFM, Radio DJ, and Radio Istra in Surabaya; Swaragama in Yogyakarta; and Global FM Bali in Denpasar.[4] Private radio stations carry their own news bulletins and foreign broadcasters can supply programmes.[citation needed] Radio Republik Indonesia (RRI) is the state radio network of Indonesia. It has a national news network, as well as regional stations in major cities throughout the country. Voice of Indonesia is its division for overseas broadcasting.

There are now also several digital radio stations in Jakarta and Surabaya, based on Digital Audio Broadcasting (DAB) and Hybrid HD-Radio (IBOC).[citation needed] There are also several Indonesian radio stations that stream live on the internet.

Internet[edit]

In 2016, 88 million Indonesians used the Internet, of which 93% used smartphones, 5% tablets and 11% computers. Broadband reached 8% of the households.[5]

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